Some Islamic sources follow one tradition and praise Hormizd as being more just than his father, especially with the common folk. Others condemn him as tyrannical and cruel. The Christians of the Sasanian empire considered him friendly and praised his reign. At news of the accession of Hormizd, Tiberius attempted to bring the conflict between the two empires to a close more or less on terms of the status quo ante helium. Hormizd, however, refused to surrender Dara, even in exchange for several forts in Armenia conquered by the Byzantines. The Persians also wanted a large annual subsidy, but no agreement was reached and the war continued.
Maurice proved a capable general and ravaged the northwestern provinces of the Sasanian empire at the end of 579, but in 580 his plans to march to the enemy's capital Ctesiphon failed. In 581 a large Persian army was defeated by Maurice near the city of Constantina in Mesopotamia. The sickness and subsequent death of Tiberius in 582 caused Maurice to leave the east for Constantinople, and his successor in the field was wholly incompetent. He was defeated in two battles with the Sasanians, and Maurice, the new Byzantine emperor, replaced him with his brother-in-law Philippicus. It would be too tedious to follow the attacks and counter-attacks of the Persian and Byzantine armies in the Mesopotamian theatre of war until 589. Suffice it to say that both sides suffered from the constant warfare with no decisive advantage to either. The war remained as a festering wound for both empires.