Truth and Reality in Ancient Culture of Iran

  October 28, 2020   Read time 1 min
Truth and Reality in Ancient Culture of Iran
Zoroastrian ancient Persian worldview is based on the clash between two fundamental good and evil powers. Reality and Truth find different meanings in such a context due to the ideological and cosmological specificities of Ancient Persia. In other words, Zoroastrian truth presents different perspective of reality.

In a universe in which the two opposing powers of good and evil, truth and lies, constantly vie for supremacy, the average human being is constantly prone to being misled as to what is right behavior, and the poet-sacrificer, even, is not exempt of this weakness. His concept of reality, that is, what “really, truly is” (Av. haithya, OInd. satya) as formed by observing the sensory data of nature and the inherited knowledge of his trade can still be wrong, and although he knows—he thinks—what is real, the danger of delusions caused by the powers of the Lie is ever-present. Therefore, he must always take precautions when conducting the ritual, to prevent any potential damage caused by a misunderstanding or error in his knowledge. The precautions can only be of a verbal nature and consist either in set “safety clauses” inserted in the verbal part of the ritual or in questions about what is “real (Source: Introduction to Zoroastrianism).

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